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Volume 6 (2013)

Geology

The paper presents the first detailed description and the first analysis of the fossil colobine monkey Mesopithecus housed in the collections of the Natural History Museum in Belgrade, Serbia. The material is described using the standard methodology and analyzed in a comparative context of specimens from the published literature (n=45), by using bivariate and multivariate statistical methods (principal component analysis). We determined several species: M. pentelicus, M. delsoni, M. cf. pentelicus, M. cf. delsoni. The associated fauna suggests MN11 to MN12 (Turolian) age, and a relatively open landscape – bushy or sparsely wooded savannah. However, further research into the associated collection will allow us to discuss biostratigraphic and paleoecological characteristics in more detail.

Key words: Mesopithecus, Cercopitecidae, Veles, Pikermi

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Biology

The endemic species Aquilegia grata Maly ex Zimmeter was originally described from Mt Orjen in south-western Montenegro, in the nineteenth century. At that time, a specimen collected by J. Pančić from western Serbia was erroneously designated as a paratype. This claim was later accepted and the majority of the authors and collectors mentioned this plant from the canyons of western Serbia, eastern Bosnia and northern Montenegro. Other authors thought that the species A. amaliae Heldr. ex Boiss. grew in this area, which was also incorrect. On the basis of the original herbarium material and the recently collected material from Mt Orjen, it became clear that the populations of the mentioned area (outside this mountain) actually belong to a new, still undescribed species. The name of the subspecies previously described from this area, A. grata subsp. nikolicii Niketić, was taken for the basionym. After the validation of the name, the taxon was raised to a specific rank as A. nikolicii (Niketić) Niketić & Cikovac. Two varieties are recognised within the species. Two new chorological records from western Serbia are also reported.

Key words: plant taxonomy, Aquilegia, Balkan Peninsula, endemic species

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During the investigation of the halophytic vegetation in Vojvodina (northern Serbia) in 2012 the occurrence of Cyperus pannonicus Jacq. was confirmed. The species with a relatively large population create stands of association Cyperetum pannonici Wendelberger 1943 on the shore of a small saline lake called Medura, east of the village Riđica.

Key words: endangered species, halophytes, saline lakes

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In this paper we have recorded five slug species of the genera Limax Linnaeus, Limacus Lehmann, and Tandonia Lessona & Pollonera for the first time in Montenegro: Limaxgraecus Simroth, 1889, Limacus flavus (Linnaeus, 1758), Tandonia kusceri (Wagner, 1931), T. budapestensis (Hazay, 1880), and T. lagostana (Wagner, 1940). Representatives of the genus Limacus are registered for the first time for the country. The slug material was collected from northern, central, and southern Montenegro.

Key words: Gastropoda, slugs, new species, Limax, Limacus, Tandonia, Montenegro

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Jakšić, P., Nahirnić, A., Petrović, S.
Compendium of Serbian butterflies with vernacular names

As a result of recent attempts to document butterfly fauna and to create a national database of butterfly distribution in Serbia, a checklist of Serbian butterflies, counting representatives of 199 species with their vernacular names, is presented. The vernacular names of butterflies derivate from previously published data and relevant contemporary publications.

Key words: butterflies, Lepidoptera, Serbia, vernacular names

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Vukov, T., Kalezić, M. L., Tomović, Lj., Krizmanić, I., Jović, D., Labus, N., Džukić, G.
Amphibians in Serbia – Distribution and diversity patterns

Considering the need for an up-to-date overview of the distribution and diversity of amphibians of Serbia, we mapped the species distributions upon current, mostly unpublished, faunistic data. Also, we compared batrachofaunas of Serbia and other Balkan countries in terms of species number and zoogeographic batrachofaunistic elements. With its 21 native species (8 urodeles and 13 anurans), Serbia appears to be the second most diverse country in the Balkans. We found three main centres of species richness in Panonnian and Peripannonian Serbia (with 15-17 species per 50 x 50 km square) which signals urgency for their protection. Serbian batrachofauna is most similar to that of the eastern Balkan countries (Bulgaria and Romania). Zoogeographic analysis showed that amphibian fauna of Serbia consists of six chorotypes, with the central-European and southern-­European as the most dominant ones.

Key words: amphibian diversity, distribution, zoogeography

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