Volume 3 (2010)


In the territory of eastern Srem, Pleistocene deposits have a wide distribution. Under the deposits of loess of the Late Pleistocene age, which are situated on the surface of the terrain, Lower and Middle Pleistocene sediments (so called “pre-­loess” deposits) are found. Among them, four successive units with different lithostratigraphical and palaeogeographical characteristics are distinguished: 1. bog-lake-terrestrial sediments (Pliocene – Pleistocene), 2. polycyclic-fluvial deposits (Lower Pleistocene), 3. proluvial-deluvial deposits – “Srem series” (Lower Pleistocene – Middle Pleistocene) and 4. fluvial-palustrine sediments (Middle Pleistocene). Their lithological and palaeontological contents are described and palaeogeographical reconstruction of the area during the formation of these deposits has been performed. The main goal of this paper is to present a palaeogeographical reconstruction of the studied area, while the stratigraphical account has been given in short form.

Key words: Lower and Middle Pleistocene, Pannonian basin, eastern Srem, Serbia, paleogeography

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The greatest number of the Paleozoic and the Mesozoic sites with macroflora is situated in Eastern Serbia. The best-represented ages are the Upper Devonian, Stephanian and Rhaeto-Lias (Triassic-Jurassic), while the Westphalian, Upper Triassic and Cretaceous were less well preserved. This paper includes an overview of the published sites with macroflora, as well as the list of recorded genera and species, with special weight given to presence of certain taxa and general characteristics of listed paleovegetations. Thanks to the remains of plants from all periods from the Devonian to the Late Cretaceous, it was possible to follow the main development phases of vegetation through the Paleozoic and the Mesozoic in Serbia. The development of vegetation is the easiest to follow during the Stephanian and during the Rhaeto-Lias, as these periods have yielded most macro-­remains. The richest sites of Stephanian vegetation are from area between the rivers Mlava and Pek, while the richest sites of the Rhaeto-Lias vegetation are in Vrška Čuka (Stara Planina). The remains of the Devonian plants are also abundant, particularly in Svrljiške planine Mts., but they are mostly fragmented, uniform and difficult to determine. The Cretaceous flora was recorded at several localities in the vicinity of Belgrade and Knjaževac. It is the least studied of all the described floras. The Triassic flora has the poorest distribution and so far only one site was recorded at Stara Planina Mt.

Key words: Devonian, Carboniferous, Rhaeto-Liassic, Cretaceous, Serbia, paleoflora

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Geological sites and objects display various rock formations, structures, landforms and fossils that make a special contribution to the understanding and appreciation of the geological history of Serbia. Knowing and assessing the whole geodiversity of Serbia through study of individual phenomena is the starting point for their rational utilization and conservation. Considering the fact that criteria for geodiversity valuation are neither agreed upon nor acknowledged by regulations, basic principles for judging the significance of geodiversity are discussed and the main categories are proposed.

Key words: Geoheritage, Serbia, procedures for evaluation, categories of non-­movable and movable geoheritage

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Jovanović, G., Knežević, S., Đurić, D., Bosnakoff, M., Paunović, G.
Upper miocene fauna of Orešac near Smederevo (Serbia)

Near Smederevo, Orešac is one of the important Neogene localities described in literature, but it has not been preserved. During recent years, the field studies of the vicinity of Smederevo have shown that there are other preserved rich fossil sites with a mass appearance of the species Mytilopsis triangularis (Partsch) and Dreissena auricularis auricularis Fuchs and representatives of the family Lymnocardiidae. The most representative localities are Sastavci, Orešac-Udovice and Orešac-Udovice (New road to Požarevac). The site at Sastavci was described as a locality of particular importance for determining the stratigraphic characteristics of this part of Central Paratethys, as it represents a direct continuation of the layers previously described as a faciostratotype of Upper Pontian under the name Orešac I. The locality Orešac-Udovice (New road to Požarevac) was described as the highest level of “Danube type (Groča-Smederevo) of development” of Upper Miocene.

Key words: Orešac-Udovice, Sastavci, Upper Miocene fauna, geoheritage

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Teeth of small and large mammals were separated from the sediments brought into the Natural History Museum in Belgrade for sedimentological analysis in the 1960s. The identification was made based on their morphological characteristics. The determined species included: Galerix exilis, Cricetodon mein, ?Dorcatherium sp. and Eotragus sansaniensis. According to data on small mammals it was determined that these mammals belonged to the association of MN5 zone.

Key words: Mammals, Miocene, Popovac

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Research into fossil remains of small mammals in the Neogene localities in Serbia has been extensively performed in the last fifteen years only. Using special methods to extract the remains from sediment, experts from the Natural History Museum in Belgrade were able to discover over 3000 odontological remains and identified more than a hundred species of small mammals. Based on the systematic composition of associations, fossil representatives of small mammals are classified within the MN Zones and the geological age of the site is determined.

Key words: small mammals, MN zones, Neogene, Serbia

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This paper provides а taxonomic list of the fossil Mesozoic and Cenozoic shark and bony fish teeth from the collections of the National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (NMNHS). The material was collected mostly from Bulgaria, but specimens from Angola and France are also available. Elasmobranch taxa prevail in the collection (47 specimens), with the rest of the material consisting of actinopterygian teeth (8 specimens). The largest portion of specimens (35) is of Turonian age. Of particular systematic interest is a dental plate composed of seven associated teeth belonging to a yet undetermined member of the batoid family Myliobatidae, collected from the Lower Eocene of Bulgaria.

Key words: museum collection, Elasmobranchii, Actinopterygii, Mesozoic, Cenozoic teeth, dental plate

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This paper presents the information on specimens from the family Reduviidae (Heteroptera) stored in the Entomological Collection of Natural History Museum in Belgrade (376 examined specimens, belonging to 28 species). Empicoris vagabundus (Linnaeus) is a new species to the fauna of Serbia. Oncocephalus pilicornis Herrich-Schaeffer is a new species to the fauna of Montenegro. Most specimens were collected in Serbia, Macedonia and Croatia (Dalmatia). This paper also includes data on species collected after the publishing of the Catalogue (Protić 1998) and some older records which were stored in the Collection for decades without being published.

Key words: Heteroptera, Reduviidae, Natural History Museum in Belgrade

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This paper gives an overview of previous research on the stag beetle Lucanus cervus (Linnaeus, 1758) in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It covers the analysis undertaken of 11 exomorphological characteristics of 65 individuals (34 males and 31 females) of the Bosnian metapopulation which are examined and discussed. The final part of the paper provides a map of the distribution of this species in Bosnia and Herzegovina and reviews the threat status of this species in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Key words: Stag beetles, Lucanus, cervus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, variation, taxonomy, ecology

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Faunistic data of 39 species from Turkey are reported. One species – Scambus buolianae (Hartig, 1838) – is a new record for Turkish fauna. A zoogeographic characterisation is proposed for each species.

Key words: Ichneumonidae, fauna, Turkey, new record, zoogeographical characterisation

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